Species

Species

Sub Categories

Parasites

Parasites are among the most common organisms on the planet, and represent diverse members of all biological communities. Parasites tie communities together, revealing or telling stories about critical connections established by a history of evolution, ecology (food habits, foraging behavior, interactions among host species) and biogeography (patterns of geographic distribution) for host populations, species, ecosystems and regional faunas that constitute the biosphere. As such these organisms tell us about the processes, biological (e.g. range shifts, invasion) and physical (e.g. climate variation), that have
determined the patterns of diversity that we observe in high latitude ecosystems. (Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013.)

Invertebrate

The Arctic Ocean is here defined as the areas north of the Bering Strait on the Pacific side and areas with consistent seasonal sea ice cover on the Atlantic side. The known marine invertebrate fauna of this area comprises c. 5,000 species, representing at least 24 phyla with representatives in all three marine realms: sea ice, pelagic and benthic. About 50% of the Arctic Ocean overlays continental shelf areas at water depths ranging from 0-500 m. This Arctic Shelf constitutes 31% of
the total shelf area of the world. More than 90% of the known Arctic invertebrate species occur in the benthic realm. As for terrestrial environments, the most species rich taxon in all realms is Arthropoda, with most species among crustaceans, i.e. >1,500 species according to a recent estimate. Other species-rich taxonomic groups are Annelida, mainly bristle worms (Polychaeta), moss animals (Bryozoa) and Mollusca, including bivalves (Bivalvia) and snails (Gastropoda). Among the meiobenthos (small-sized benthic metazoans, < 1 mm) the predominant groups are free-living nematodes (Nematoda), followed by harpacticoids (Copepoda: Harpacticoida). In terms of abundance and biomass, nematodes and harpacticoid copepods typically dominate the meiofauna (as they do elsewhere), while polychaetes, bivalves and amphipods typically dominate the macrofauna, and echinoderms and crustaceans dominate the megafauna. (Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013.)

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Pan-Arctic depth strata map with territorial borders

A Pan-Arctic depth strata map with territorial border. In order to develop this map in to an operational baseline map, relevant data can be entered into each depth strata by responsible agencies. Produced by the Benthos Expert Network of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program, Marine.

The coverage of scientific trawl stations from the Atlantic countries: Norway, Island, Faroe Island and Greenland

The coverage of scientific trawl stations from the Atlantic countries: Norway, Island, Faroe Island and Greenland. This station grid will cover AMA 1 and 2 and LME 1-5, 16 (see Box 1 below). Today only Norway/Russia has, since 2006, identifying the entire trawl catch including the epibenthic megafauna in the Barents Sea. Map produced by the Benthic Expert Network of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program, Marine.

Beringia and other glacial refugia in the Arctic

ABA 2013 02 02 Beringia 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 2.2. Beringia and other glacial refugia in the Arctic: distribution of ice cover (white shading) and ice-free areas in the Northern Hemisphere during the last glacial maximum, 18,000 years ago (after Ray & Adams 2001). Beringia is enclosed within the red oval.

 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Number of lichens (blue) and lichenicolous fungi (red) recorded in each sector in the arctic
Lichens blue and lichenicolous fungi red recorded in each sector

Number of lichens (blue) and lichenicolous fungi (red) recorded in each sector in the arctic.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Pan-Arctic Checklist of Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi

List of lichens endemic to the arctic regions.
Lichens List of lichens

List of lichens endemic to the arctic regions.

Word format.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Pan-Arctic Checklist of Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi

List of Arctic lichens rare outside the Arctic.
Lichens List of Arctic lichens rare outside the Arctic

List of Arctic lichens rare outside the Arctic

Word format.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Pan-Arctic Checklist of Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi

Pan-Arctic checklist Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi
Lichens checklist

Pan-Arctic checklist Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi.

Excel format.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Pan-Arctic Checklist of Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi

List of synonyms (left column) submitted by their valid names (right column)
Lichens synonyms

List of synonyms (left column) submitted by their valid names (right column).

Word format.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Pan-Arctic Checklist of Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi

Arctic regions in the panarctic checklist
Arctic regions in the panarctic checklist

Arctic regions in the panarctic checklist.

 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Pan-Arctic Checklist of Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi

Wild Rangifer populations: population peak compared to today (millions of animals)
rangifer chart

Wild Rangifer populations: population peak compared to today (millions of animals)

 

ZIP file includes 2 datasets:

1. Excel file

2. Image file

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is 
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010.
Graphics: Hugo Ahlenius

 
Worldwide distribution of the six recognized subspecies of the red knot
redknotmigration

Worldwide distribution of the six recognized subspecies of the red knot [2]. All breeding areas (dark purple shading) are on high Arctic tundra where adults spend June–July. After their long-distance migrations, they spend the non-breeding season (August–May) mainly in intertidal, soft-sediment habitats (red dots, which are scaled according to population size).

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010.
Graphics: Hugo Ahlenius

Trends in 65 breeding shorebird populations that are wholly or largely confined to the Arctic
shorebirds status

Trends in 65 breeding shorebird populations that are wholly or largely confined to the Arctic

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is 
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010.

Breeding and wintering range of common eiders in the circumpolar region (not all southern breeding areas included)
eidercommon

Breeding and wintering range of common eiders in the circumpolar region (not all southern breeding areas included)

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010.
Graphics: Hugo Ahlenius

Changes in murre populations since 1975 by region and ‘decade’
murretrends

Changes in murre populations since 1975 by region and ‘decade’ (as defined by regime shifts in the Pacific Decadal Oscillation). Green indicates positive population trends, yellow indicates stable populations, and red indicates negative population trends.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010.


Annual rates of population change of individual murre colonies during 12 years after the 1977 climatic regime shift in the North Pacific and during 9 years after the 1989 shift,
murrechart

Annual rates of population change of individual murre colonies during 12 years after the 1977 climatic regime shift in the North Pacific and during 9 years after the 1989 shift, in relation to changes in sea surface temperatures around the colonies from one decadal regime to the next. Population data are from 32 U. aalge and 21 U. lomvia colonies, encompassing the entire circumpolar region. Ten sites supported both species, so 43 different study areas were represented.

 

ZIP file includes 2 files:

1. Excel file

2. Image file

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010.

Trends in productivity derived from a 1982–2005 time series of GIMMS-G AVHRR vegetation indices (NDVI)
greening

Trends in productivity derived from a 1982–2005 time series of GIMMS-G AVHRR vegetation indices (NDVI). Significant positive trends, showing as green, indicate an increase in both peak productivity and growing season. Negative trends, showing as red, represent forested areas not recently disturbed by fire that declined in productivity

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010.

 
Trends in phenological events (days/decade)
phenology

Trends in phenological events (days/decade)

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010.

 
Nucleotide diversity estimates based on the complete sequences of mitochondrial genome in the collared lemming indicate how past climate has structured the genetic component of biodiversity.
geneticdiversity

Nucleotide diversity estimates based on the complete sequences of mitochondrial genome in the collared lemming indicate how past climate has structured the genetic component of biodiversity. Lower diversity in regions (green) affected by the northward forest expansion during the Holocene warm climatic events [20] compared to Western Beringia, where there was no forest expansion, suggests a reduction of effective size due to regional range contractions during warming events in the Holocene

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010.

Current potential range of Hydrilla verticillata in Alaska and projected potential range with climate warming
invasivehydrilla

Current potential range of Hydrilla verticillata in Alaska and projected potential range with climate warming

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010.

 
 
The relationship between annual primary production and the ice-free period based on measurements from several sites in the Arctic
fishproduction

The relationship between annual primary production and the ice-free period based on measurements from several sites in the Arctic

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010.

Status and trends of seabird harvest in the Arctic (including sea ducks)
Status and trends of seabird harvest in the Arctic

Status and trends of seabird harvest in the Arctic (including sea ducks)

 

ZIP file includes 2 files:

1. Excel file

2. Image file

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010.

Circumpolar map of all polar bear subpopulation as recognized by the IUCN/Polar Bear Specialist Group in 2009 (PBSG 2010a). Total area covered = 24 mill. km(2).
Fig00-allpops

Circumpolar map of all polar bear subpopulation as recognized by the IUCN/Polar Bear Specialist Group in 2009 (PBSG 2010a). Total area covered = 24 mill. km2.

 

ZIP file includes 20 image(PDF) files of each area.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

Development of a pan-arctic monitoring plan for polar bears: background paper and should be cited as:
Vongraven, D and Peacock, E. Development of a pan-Arctic monitoring plan for polar bears:background paper. Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Programme, CAFF Monitoring Series Report No.1, January 2011, CAFF International Secretariat, Akureyri, Iceland. ISBN 978-9935-431-01-1


Data Source: IUCN/SSC Polar Bear Specialist Group

Arctic September sea ice extent from observations (red line) and 13 IPCC AR4 climate models
Polar bear Arctic September sea ice

Arctic September sea ice extent from observations (red line) and 13 IPCC AR4 climate models (updated from Stroeve et al. 2007).

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

Development of a pan-arctic monitoring plan for polar bears: background paper and should be cited as:
Vongraven, D and Peacock, E. Development of a pan-Arctic monitoring plan for polar bears:background paper.

Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Programme, CAFF Monitoring Series Report No.1, January 2011, CAFF International Secretariat, Akureyri, Iceland. ISBN 978-9935-431-01-1

Status of polar bear subpopulations and level of general knowledge: Open Office format
Status of polar bear subpopulations and level of general knowledge

Status of polar bear subpopulations and level of general knowledge.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

Development of a pan-arctic monitoring plan for polar bears: background paper and should be cited as:
Vongraven, D and Peacock, E. Development of a pan-Arctic monitoring plan for polar bears:background paper.

Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Programme, CAFF Monitoring Series Report No.1, January 2011, CAFF International Secretariat, Akureyri, Iceland. ISBN 978-9935-431-01-1

Status of polar bear subpopulations and level of general knowledge: PDF format
Status of polar bear subpopulations and level of general knowledge

Status of polar bear subpopulations and level of general knowledge.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

Development of a pan-arctic monitoring plan for polar bears: background paper and should be cited as:
Vongraven, D and Peacock, E. Development of a pan-Arctic monitoring plan for polar bears:background paper.

Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Programme, CAFF Monitoring Series Report No.1, January 2011, CAFF International Secretariat, Akureyri, Iceland. ISBN 978-9935-431-01-1

The distribution and observed trends of wild Rangifer populations throughout the circumpolar Arctic
rangifer map

The distribution and observed trends of wild Rangifer populations throughout the circumpolar Arctic

(data from the wild Circum Arctic Rangifer Monitoring and Assessment Network, CARMA).

Note: Wild boreal forest reindeer have not been mapped by CARMA and thus are not represented here

 

ZIP file includes 2 datasets:
1. Shapefile
2. Image

 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010.
Graphics: Hugo Ahlenius

Distribution and current trend of polar bear subpopulations throughout the circumpolar Arctic
polarbear

Distribution and current trend of polar bear subpopulations throughout the circumpolar Arctic

 

ZIP file includes 2 datasets:
1. Shapefile
2. Image 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is 
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010.
Graphics: Hugo Ahlenius

 

Data Source: IUCN/SSC Polar Bear Specialist Group

The distribution of thick-billed and common murre colonies in the North.
murremap

The distribution of thick-billed and common murre colonies in the North.

 

ZIP file includes 3 datasets:

1. Shapefile of Common Murre distribution

2. Shapefile of Thickbilled Murre distribution

3. Image file of Murres distribution

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010.

Graphics: Hugo Ahlenius

In Russia, the main threat for the most productive post- Soviet reindeer herding areas in the Nenets and Yamalo- Nenets Autonomous Okrugs is the rapidly accelerating oil and gas extraction
reindeerherding siberia

A false color Quickbird-2 satellite image of a portion of the Bovanenkovo Gas Field on the Yamal Peninsula in West Siberia. Image acquired 4 July 2004. The construction phase began in the late 1980s. From that period onward there remain visible signs of extensive off-road vehicle traffic across the terrain. Many of those tracks have naturally revegetated and now appear as bright red, indicating dense grass- and sedge-dominated vegetation. The road network was built in the mid-1990s, which has reduced off-road traffic significantly. However, infrastructure blocks segments of migration routes for Nenets and their reindeer herds, and pasture quality can be negatively affected by road dust, petrochemicals, trash left on the tundra, and even feral dogs abandoned by workers.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010.

The distribution of Arctic char species complex, sensu stricto, and the location of introduced populations
arcticchar 

The distribution of Arctic char species complex, sensu stricto, and the location of introduced populations

 

ZIP file includes 4 datasets:

1. Shapefile of Arctic Char distribution

2. Shapefile of Arctic Lakes

3. Shapefile of limits

4. Image file 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010.
Graphics: Hugo Ahlenius

The distribution of known breeding colonies of Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnean within the Arctic.
Ivory gull distribution

The distribution of known breeding colonies of Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnean within the Arctic.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

International Ivory Gull Conservation Strategy and Action Plan (sept 2008)

Ivory Gull population estimates and trends.
Ivory Gull population estimates and trends

Ivory Gull population estimates and trends

 

ZIP file includes 2 datasets:

1. Excel file

2. PDF file

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

International Ivory Gull Conservation Strategy and Action Plan (sept 2008)

List of seabirds, including loons and grebes, that are open for harvesting and egging in Alaska
Seabird Harvest in the arctic Alaska Table1 list of seabirds

List of seabirds, including loons and grebes, that are open for harvesting and egging in Alaska

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Seabird Harvest in the Arctic.

Estimated annual seabird and egg harvest in Alaska 1995-2001 & 2001-2005
Estimated annual seabird and egg harvest in  Alaska 2001 2005

Estimated annual seabird and egg harvest in Alaska 1995-2001.

Estimated annual seabird and egg harvest in Alaska 2001-2005.

 

Note that there are 3 sheets in the excel file.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Seabird Harvest in the Arctic.

"Source: Merkel, F. and Barry, T. (eds.) 2008. Seabird harvest in the Arctic.
CAFF International Secretariat, Circumpolar Seabird Group (CBird), CAFF Technical Report No. 16."

Seabirds that can be hunted in the Faroes, hunting seasons, estimated numbers taken and total population size.
Seabirds that can be hunted in the Faroes hunting seasons estimated numbers taken and total population size

Seabirds that can be hunted in the Faroes, hunting seasons, estimated numbers taken and total population size.

 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Seabird Harvest in the Arctic.

"Source: Merkel, F. and Barry, T. (eds.) 2008. Seabird harvest in the Arctic.

CAFF International Secretariat, Circumpolar Seabird Group (CBird), CAFF Technical Report No. 16."

Seabird Harvest and Hunting regulations in Greenland 1993-2006.
Seabird Harvest and Hunting regulations Greenland 1993 2006

Sheet 1. Hunting regulations for birds in Greenland. Species not mentioned are protected all year. In addition, all hunting is forbidden in the National Park of East Greenland and in Melville Bay Nature Park in Northwest Greenland.
Sheet 2. Greenland seabird harvest statistics (Piniarneq) for the period 1993 – 2006 (The Greenland Hole Rule, Dept. of Hunting and Fisheries). Several species were not included in Piniarneq until 2002 (blank cells).

 

Note that there are 2 sheets in the excel file.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Seabird Harvest in the Arctic.

"Source: Merkel, F. and Barry, T. (eds.) 2008. Seabird harvest in the Arctic.
CAFF International Secretariat, Circumpolar Seabird Group (CBird), CAFF Technical Report No. 16."

Seabird Harvest in Iceland
Seabird Harvest in Iceland

Sheet 1. Seabird species harvested in Iceland and stages at which they are or can be utilized according to legislation. 1 =utilized; 0 = not utilized; (1) = insignificant use
Sheet 2. Numbers of birds hunted according to hunting statistics (Environment and Food Agency).

 

Note that there are 2 sheets in the excel file.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Seabird Harvest in the Arctic.

"Source: Merkel, F. and Barry, T. (eds.) 2008. Seabird harvest in the Arctic.
CAFF International Secretariat, Circumpolar Seabird Group (CBird), CAFF Technical Report No. 16."

Seabird Harvest in Norway
Seabird Harvest in Norway

Sheet 1. Hunting regulations for marine birds in Svalbard
Sheet 2. Hunting regulations for marine birds in in north Norway, excluding Svalbard.

 

Note that there are 2 sheets in the excel file.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Seabird Harvest in the Arctic.

"Source: Merkel, F. and Barry, T. (eds.) 2008. Seabird harvest in the Arctic.
CAFF International Secretariat, Circumpolar Seabird Group (CBird), CAFF Technical Report No. 16."

Scientific names for bird species discussed in 2008 Seabird harvest report
Seabird Species list 2008

Scientific names for bird species discussed in 2008 Seabird harvest report (alphabetical order of common English names).

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Seabird Harvest in the Arctic.

"Source: Merkel, F. and Barry, T. (eds.) 2008. Seabird harvest in the Arctic.
CAFF International Secretariat, Circumpolar Seabird Group (CBird), CAFF Technical Report No. 16."

Number of marine birds (glaucous gull, black guillemot, thick-billed murre and northern fulmar) shot in Svalbard in the period 2001-2006.
Seabird Number of marine birds shot in Svalbard 2001 2006

Number of marine birds (glaucous gull, black guillemot, thick-billed murre and northern fulmar) shot in Svalbard in the period 2001-2006. 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Seabird Harvest in the Arctic.

Source: The Governor of Svalbard.

Number of birds shot of glaucous gull, black guillemot, thick-billed murre and northern fulmar in Svalbard in the period 1998-2006.
Seabird Number of birds shot of glaucous gull black guillemot thick-billed murre and northern fulmar in Svalbard 1998 2006

Number of birds shot of glaucous gull, black guillemot, thick-billed murre and northern fulmar in Svalbard in the period 1998-2006.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Seabird Harvest in the Arctic.

Source: The Governor of Svalbard.

Number of marine birds (herring gull, great black-backed gull, common gull, and black-legged kittiwake, great cormorant and European shag) shot in northern Norway (Nordland, Troms and Finnmark counties) in the period 2001-2006.
Seabird Number of marine birds shot in northern Norway 2001 2006

Number of marine birds (herring gull, great black-backed gull, common gull, and black-legged kittiwake, great cormorant and European shag) shot in northern Norway (Nordland, Troms and Finnmark counties) in the period 2001-2006.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Seabird Harvest in the Arctic.

Source: Statistics Norway.

Number of birds shot of gulls (herring gull, great black-backed gull, common gull, and black-legged kittiwake), great cormorant and European shag in northern Norway (Nordland, Troms and Finnmark counties) in the period 2001-2006.
Seabird Number of birds shot of glaucous gull black guillemot thick-billed murre and northern fulmar in Svalbard 1998 2006

Number of birds shot of gulls (herring gull, great black-backed gull, common gull, and black-legged kittiwake), great cormorant and European shag in northern Norway (Nordland, Troms and Finnmark counties) in the period 2001-2006.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

i.e. Seabird Harvest in the Arctic.

Source: Statistics Norway.

Shapefile of the distribution of known breeding colonies of Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnean within the Arctic.
Ivory gull shapefile

Shapefile of the distribution of known breeding colonies of Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnean within the Arctic.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

International Ivory Gull Conservation Strategy and Action Plan (sept 2008)

Distribution and population status of polar bear Ursus maritimus in the Arctic
Distribution of Polar Bear

Distribution and population status of polar bear Ursus maritimus in the Arctic.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

ARCTIC FLORA AND FAUNA: Status and Conservation. Documentation. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna Working Group (CAFF).

Source:  IUCN/SSC Polar Bear Specialist Group 1998

Areas of high population densities of different groups of marine vertebrates in the Beringia Region.
Areas of high population densities of different groups of marine vertebrates in Beringia Region

Areas of high population densities of different groups of marine vertebrates in the Beringia Region.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

ARCTIC FLORA AND FAUNA: Status and Conservation. Documentation. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna Working Group (CAFF) 1998. 


Data Source: IUCN/SSC Polar Bear Specialist Group

Circumpolar distribution of arctic char species complex Salvelinus alpinus, and related species.
Distribution of Arctic Char

Circumpolar distribution of arctic char species complex Salvelinus alpinus, and related species.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

ARCTIC FLORA AND FAUNA: Status and Conservation. Documentation. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna Working Group (CAFF).

Estimated population size and trends for eiders in the Arctic region.
Estimated population size and trends for eiders in the Arctic region

Estimated population size and trends for eiders in the Arctic region.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

ARCTIC FLORA AND FAUNA: Status and Conservation. Documentation. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna Working Group (CAFF).

(Sources: Asbirk et al. 1997, CAFF Circumpolar Seabird Working Group 1998, Durinck and Falk 1996, Goudie et al. 1994, Mosbech and Boertmann 1999, Pihl 1997, Solovieva 1997, Suydam et al. 2000, Wetlands International 1999.)

Breeding and wintering distribution of spectacled eider Somateria fischeri
Breeding and wintering distribution of spectacled eider Somateria fischeri

Breeding and wintering distribution of spectacled eider Somateria fischeri

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

ARCTIC FLORA AND FAUNA: Status and Conservation. Documentation. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna Working Group (CAFF). (Source: IUCN Polar Bear Specialist Group 1998).

Decline of the thick billed murre population in central West Greenland
Murre Decline of the thick billed murre population in central West Greenland

Decline of the thick billed murre Uria lomvia population in central West Greenland

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

ARCTIC FLORA AND FAUNA: Status and Conservation. Documentation. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna Working Group (CAFF). (Source: Knud Falk and Kaj Kamp).

Distribution of the eiders
Eider Distribution of the eiders

Distribution of the eiders.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

Circumpolar Eider Conservation Strategy and Action Plan June 1997

Long term population trends of eiders identified by their breeding locations.
Eider Long term population trends of eiders identified by their breeding locations

Long term population trends of eiders identified by their breeding locations.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

Circumpolar Eider Conservation Strategy and Action Plan June 1997

Management of eider populations
Eider Management of eider populations

Management of eider populations

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

Circumpolar Eider Conservation Strategy and Action Plan June 1997

Summary of eider objectives and action items.
Eider Summary of eider objectives and action items

Summary of eider objectives and action items.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

Circumpolar Eider Conservation Strategy and Action Plan June 1997

Summary of implementation guidelines.
Eider Summary of implementation guidelines

Summary of implementation guidelines.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

Circumpolar Eider Conservation Strategy and Action Plan June 1997

Surveys currently used to monitor eider populations.
Eider Surveys currently used to monitor eider populations

Surveys currently used to monitor eider populations.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

Circumpolar Eider Conservation Strategy and Action Plan June 1997

Utilization of eiders by people.
Eider Utilization of eiders by people

Utilization of eiders by people.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

Circumpolar Eider Conservation Strategy and Action Plan June 1997

Common eider distribution.
Eider Common Eider Distribution

Common eider distribution.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

Circumpolar Eider Conservation Strategy and Action Plan June 1997

King eider distribution.
Eider King Eider Distribution

King eider distribution.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

Circumpolar Eider Conservation Strategy and Action Plan June 1997

Spectacled eider distribution.
Eider Spectacled Eider Distribution

Spectacled eider distribution.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

Circumpolar Eider Conservation Strategy and Action Plan June 1997

Steller's eider distribution.
Eider Stellers Eider Distribution

Steller's eider distribution.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

Circumpolar Eider Conservation Strategy and Action Plan June 1997

The Circumpolar distribution of common and thick-billed murres.
Murres The Circumpolar distribution of common and thickbilled murres

The Circumpolar distribution of common and thick-billed murres.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

International Murre Conservation Strategy and Action Plan.

Knot Breeding areas
Knot Breeding areas 1992

Knot Breeding areas.

 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
www.caff.is  
The data can be downloaded freely.
Users are requested to reference it source.

 

ARCTIC FLORA AND FAUNA: Status and Conservation. Documentation.

(Data Source: Piersma and Davidson 1992).

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